Wildlife Conservation Projects In India: A Complete UPSC, PSC, SSC Notes

Wildlife Conservation Projects In India: Project tiger (1973), Elephant Project (1992), Red Panda Project (1996), Project Hangul (1970), etc.

Wildlife Conservation Projects In India
What is Wildlife Conservation?

  • This is related to the protection of animal species, plants, and their habitats. This is also useful for balancing nature’s process and give stability. 
  • So, the government took steps to the prevention of illegal hunting, illegal trading of skin, and meat. For this, the Indian Government applied “Wildlife Conservation Act” in 1972.
  • In 2003 government modified this act and provide the name “Indian Wildlife Conservation Act 2002”.
  • This act applied to whole of India except Jammu Kashmir.

Importance of Wildlife Conservation in India

From ancient times, forests and forest living animals are used by humans. For getting more economy and making joyful life humans are used them always. Humans destroyed forests and killed animals for their selfishness.

So, conservation of forests and animals is important for doing balance and giving stability. 

Wildlife Conservation Projects

Wildlife projects that are applied in India are:-

Project tiger

Wildlife Conservation Projects In India
Project tiger
  • This project started on 1st April 1973.
  • The biggest tiger reserve of India situated is in Nagarjun Sagar – Sri Sailum Sanctuary (Andhra Pradesh).
  • The first tiger reserve of India is Jim Courbet (Uttarakhand).
  • Currently, India has 53 tiger reserves.
  • White tigers are present in Nandan Kanan (Odisha).
  • Madhya Pradesh state is popular as the state of the tiger.
  • The project tiger known as the first wildlife project of India for protecting wildlife. It is the most ambitious conservation project in the world.
  • The 51st tiger reserve is Srivilliputur Megamalai Tiger Reserve, located at Tamilnadu. This established on 11th April 2021 by Govt. of Tamilnadu.
  • The 52st tiger reserve is Ramgarh Vishdhari, established on 5 July 2021 at Bundi (Rajasthan) . This 52nd tiger reserve established by “National Tiger Conservation Authority” (NTCA).
  • The newest 53rd tiger reserve is “Guru Ghasidas National Park and Tamor Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary“. It located at Nothern part of Chattisgarh. It designed by “National Tiger Conservation Authority” (NTCA). 

Tiger Reserves List in India

S.No. Tiger Reserve Creation State
01 Jim Corbet 1973-74 Uttarakhand
02 Bandipur 1973-74 Karnataka
03 Manas 1973-74 Assam
04 Kanha 1973-74 Madhya Pradesh
05 Melghat 1973-74 Maharastra
06 Sundarban 1973-74 West Bengal
07 Ranthambhaur 1973-74 Rajasthan
08 Palamau 1973-74 Jharkhand
09 Simlipal 1973-74 Odisha
10 Sariska 1978-79 Rajasthan
11 Periyar 1978-79 Kerala
12 Indravati 1982-83 Chattisgarh
13 Buxa 1982-83 West Bengal
14 Namdapha 1982-83 Arunachal Pradesh
15 Dudhwa 1987-88 Uttar Pradesh
16 Kalakad Mundanthurai 1988-89 Tamilnadu
17 Valmiki 1989-90 Bihar
18 Pench 1992-93 Madhya Pradesh
19 Tadoba Andhari 1993-94 Maharastra
20 Bandhavgarh 1993-94 Madhya Pradesh
21 Dampa 1994-95 Mizoram
22 Panna 1994-95 Madhya Pradesh
23 Pench 1998-99 Maharashtra
24 Bhadra 1998-99 Karnataka
25 Satpura 1999-2000 Madhya Pradesh
26 Nameri 1999-2000 Asam
27 Pakke 1999-2000 Arunachal Pradesh
28 Satkosia 2008-09 Odisha
29 Sitanadi 2008-09 Chattisgarh
30 Annamalai 2008-09 Tamilnadu
31 Dandeli-Anshi tiger reserve 2008_09 Karnataka
32 Kaziranga 2008-09 Asam
33 Achankumar 2008-09 Chattisgarh
34 Sanjay 2008-09 Madhya Pradesh
35 Mudumallai 2007 Tamilnadu
36 Parambikulam 2008-09 Kerala
37 Nagarhole 2008-09 Karnataka
38 Sahyadri 2009-10 Maharashtra
39 Biligiri Ranganatha 2010-11 Karnataka
40 Kawal 2012-13 Telangana
41 Mukundra Hills 2013-14 Rajasthan
42 Nawegaon 2013-14 Maharashtra
43 Sathyamanglam 2013-14 Tamilnadu
44 Nagarjun Sagar - SriSailam 1982-83 Andhra Pradesh
45 Amrabad 2014 Telangana
46 Pilibhit 2014 Uttar Pradesh
47 Bor 2014 Mahatma
48 Rajaji 2015 Uttarkhand
49 Orang 2016 Asam
50 Kamlang 2016 Arunachal Pradesh
51 Srivilliputhur 2021 Tamilnadu
52 Ramgarh vishdhari 2021 Rajasthan
53 Guru Ghashidas National Park and Tomar Pingla Wildlife Sanctuary 2021 Chattisgarh

Tiger Reserves Map in India

Red Panda Project (Cat Bear)

Wildlife Conservation Projects In India
Red Panda Project
  • For the Red Panda Project, Padmaja Naidu Jantu Park started this project.
  • This project started in 1996.
  • In Arunachal Pradesh, this is known as Cat Bear.

Modern Indian History Questions and Answers

Vulture Conservation Project

Vulture Conservation Project
  • This project started in 2006.
  • This is started with the association between the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) and the Hariyana Forestry Department.
  • Mostly, vultures are died due to the use of Diclofenac medicine, Non-Steroidal Anti-inflammatory medicines. These medicines are using for cattle.

Geography Questions and Answers

Elephant Project (Wildlife Conservation Projects In India)

Elephant Project
  • This project started at SinghBhoomi (Jharkhand) on 7 December 1992.
  • The elephant reserves are present in India are 32.
  • In the year of 2012, the number of elephants was 31,368. But in 2017, it decreases and reaches to 27312.
  • The white material of the elephant’s teeth is called Ivory.

Gir Lion Project

Gir Lion Project
  • Gir Sanctuery is known as “Home of Asiatic Lion”.
  • This Project started in 1973.
  • Gir Sanctuary located at Junagarh (Gujrat)

Action Tigers Project

  • This sanctuery started at Sariska sanctuery.
  • Sariska sanctuary located in Rajasthan.
  • There are 12 counties that started this project.

Hangul Project (Wildlife Conservation Projects In India)

Wildlife Conservation Projects In India
Hangul Project
  • This project started in 1970.
  • This Hangul deer got the name in Red Data Book.
  • Hangul is a deer that related to the randier species.
  • Hangul is a European country deer.
  • This project started at Dachigam National Park (Kashmir)

Brown Antlered Deer Project

Brown Antlered Deer Project
  • This Brown Antlered Deer Project (Manipur Thamin Deer project)
  • It started in 1977 at Manipur.
  • This deer counted as a rare mammiferous creature.

Rhinoceros Project

Rhinoceros Project
  • For conservation of rhinoceros started in 1987.
  • These are one-horned rhinoceros.
  • one-horned rhinoceros present only in India.
  • Horns of rhinoceros used for making aphrodisiac medicines.

Musk Deer Project (Wildlife Conservation Projects In India)

Musk Deer Project
  • The musk deer project started in 1970 at Kedarnath Sanctuary.
  • This started with the association of IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature).
  • Kedarnath Sanctuary located at Uttaranchal. 
  • Musk present only in male musk deer.
  • The popular sanctuaries for musk deer are- Shikari Devi sanctuary (Himachal Pradesh), Badrinath sanctuary (Uttaranchal).

Turtle Conservation Project

Turtle Conservation Project
  • This project related to the South American Olive Readle species of turtle.
  • This conservation project started in 1975 at the BhitarKanika sanctuary.
  • The BhitarKanika sanctuary located at Katak (Odisha).
  • The breeding place of this turtle in India is Gahirmatha.

Crocodile Breeding Project

Wildlife Conservation Projects In India
Crocodile Breeding Project
  • With the help of UNDP, this project started in 1975.
  • This project started at Tikarpada (Odisha).
  • Kukrail (Uttar Pradesh) takes place in a crocodile breeding project.

Wildlife Conservation organisations of India

S. No. Wildlife Conservation Organisations of India Creation Headquarter Founder
01 WAPSI (Wildlife Protection Society of India) 1994 New Delhi Belinda Wright
02 Wildlife SOS 1995 New Delhi Katik Satyanarayan and Geeta Sushriya
03 WWF India (Worldwide Fund For Nature- India) 1969 New Delhi It set up as charitable trust.
04 WTI (Wildlife Trust of India) 1998 Noida Vivek Menon and Ashok Kumar
05 SNM (Sahyadri Nisarga Mitra) 1992 Maharastra People from Chiplum Maharastra

Faq’s (Wildlife Conservation in India)

Q 1: Q 1: Which state is popular as the state of the tiger?

Ans: Madya Pradesh

Q 2: Where are found, Asiatic Lion?

Ans: Gir Forest

Q 3: What is Hangul?

Ans: This is Randiar species deer.

Q 4: Which national park has the highest crocodile population?

Ans: BhitarKanika national Park

Q 5: What is the chemical form of Musk?

Ans: Methyle Trichloro Penta Decenol

Q 6: When the project tiger started?

Ans: 1 st April 1973

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Wildlife Conservation Projects In India